Dicentra eximia (Ker Gawl.) Torr.
Turkey Corn, Fringed Bleedinghearts, Wild Bleedingheart
Fumariaceae (Fumitory Family)
Synonym(s): Bicuculla eximia
USDA Symbol: DIEX
Fringed bleedinghearts is a bushy, perennial with light-green, much-dissected, ferny leaves and clusters of drooping, heart-shaped, magenta-pink flowers. Several deep pink to red, drooping, heart-shaped flowers along a leafless stem. The plants are quick to send up new leaves and in no time form mounds 1-2 ft. tall and up to 3 ft. across. It colonizes very slowly by rhizomes.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Size Notes: Normally 9 to 12 inches but can reach 2 feet
Flower: Flowers 1/2 inch
Fruit: Green pods, black seeds, 1 inch
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Color ranges from white to various shades of pink to purple. Can bloom from early spring to frost.
DistributionUSA: GA , IL , MA , MD , MI , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Native Distribution: PA & WV, s. to NC & TN in mountains
Native Habitat: Rich, wooded slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist, humus-rich, acid, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Is heat tolerant if planted in rich, moist soil in shade.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A long-blooming, evergreen plant for Eastern shade gardens.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Propagate by seed sown immediately or in the spring after a cold-moist period. Self-sows readily, so look for transplants around the parent. Can also be increased rapidly by division in fall or early spring.
Seed Collection: Seeds mature throughout the growing season. Periodically check the light green capsules for mature, shiny-black seeds. Do not allow the seeds to dry out. Store in damp sphagnum in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Four weeks of cold-moist stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Dicentra eximia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Dicentra eximia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dicentra eximia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff