Dicentra canadensis (Goldie) Walp.
Fumariaceae (Fumitory Family)
Synonym(s): Bicuculla canadensis
USDA Symbol: DICA
The foliage of this 6-10 in. perennial is smooth, blue-gray and fern-like. The flowers are dainty broad hearts; pinkish-white, sometimes tinged with pale lavender; and fragrant.
Plants become dormant after they bloom. Mice and chipmunks are adept at transplanting the tubers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Que. & N.S. to MN, s. to GA, TN & MO
Native Habitat: Open, deciduous woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Humus-rich soil. Tolerates limestone.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Contributes ephemeral spring color and fragrance to the mountainous Eastern shade garden.
Use Wildlife: Attracts chipmunk and mice.
Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts. Toxic only in large quantities. Causes minor skin irritation when touched, lasting only for a few minutes. Symptoms includes trembling, staggering, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, labored breathing. Skin irritation after repeated contact with the cell sap. Toxic Principle: Several isoquinolone alkaloids. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationDescription: Seeds should be sown as soon as ripe. Division of the root system involves transplanting the tiny tubers, which look like yellow peas, when the plant is dormant.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Dicentra canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Dicentra canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dicentra canadensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-06
Research By: TWC Staff