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Coprosma longifolia

Coprosma longifolia A. Gray

Oahu Mirrorplant, Hupilo, Pilo

Rubiaceae (Madder family)

Synonym(s): Coprosma longifolia var. oppositifolia

USDA Symbol: COLO4

USDA Native Status: HI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 15 feet tall.
Fruit: Drupaceous, reddish orange.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Greenish to yellowish white. May bloom any time of year under the right conditions.


Native Habitat: Mesic to occasionally wet forests.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1798 - Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition (1999) Wagner, W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 49 - Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (2020) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Webref 43 - Hawaiian Native Plant Genera (2006) University of Hawaii

Additional resources

USDA: Find Coprosma longifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Coprosma longifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Coprosma longifolia


Record Modified: 2021-06-29
Research By: CBR

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