Chrysogonum virginianum L.
Green And Gold, Green-and-gold
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: CHVI5
A showy plant with yellow, daisy-like flower heads on very hairy stems. Green-and-Gold is a perennial herb with opposite, oval, hairy leaves and clusters of star-shaped yellow flowers blooming for long periods atop the tight clump of foliage. It is a highly variable species: the northern variety is taller and more upright; the southern one prostrate and creeping.
Each flower head resembles a yellow or golden star, and the stems have distinctive spreading, glandular hairs. It is the only species in this genus.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Stems erect to ascending (when flowering), or prostrate. Up to about 20 inches long, often shorter.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , DC , FL , GA , KY , LA , MD , MS , NC , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: S. PA and s.e. OH to GA & TN
Native Habitat: Woodlands
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, but well-drained, to drier soils.
Conditions Comments: Can be used as a ground cover if thickly planted. Some varieties will spread very rapidly from seeds, stolons, runners and expansion of the clumps. Blooms sporadically over a long period; peak bloom period is in May. Plants seems to grow better if neglected than if pampered. Seems to benefit from being divided or transplanted at least every other year. Very adaptable (though will not stand full shade), tolerating both flood and drought.
PropagationDescription: Best propagated by division but can also be increased with "softwood" cuttings taken in late spring. Seed germination is uneven but some seeds, sown when the soil has reached 70 degrees will germinate. Divisions should be made in the fall or late winter
Seed Collection: Nutlets mature 2-3 weeks after the yellow ray flowers fade and drop. Collect when the heads have darkened. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chrysogonum virginianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chrysogonum virginianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chrysogonum virginianum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-23
Research By: TWC Staff