Chloris cucullata Bisch.
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: CHCU2
Culms: 15-60 cm tall. Spikelets: Straw-colored to fawny. Ligule: Short-ciliate crown. Panicles: 10-20 branches, 2-5 cm long.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: The flowers (florets) of grasses are often minute and therefore inconspicuous.
DistributionUSA: FL , KS , ME , NM , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: Texas: Practically throughout the state but rare in west Plains Country and Trans-Pecos, east and southeast Texas; most abundant in the Rio Grande Plains. General: Oklahoma, southeast New Mexico, southeast to northern Mexico.
Native Habitat: Prairies, sandy and gravelly soils, less common on clayey soils.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam
BenefitUse Wildlife: Graze; Seeds-Small mammals & granivorous birds like marshland game birds; Nesting material.
Use Other: Fair grazing for livestock.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval food for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: Minimal
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-544 Collected 2007-07-31 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chloris cucullata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chloris cucullata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chloris cucullata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-03-17
Research By: TWC Staff