Chloris cucullata Bisch.
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: CHCU2
Culms: 15-60 cm tall. Spikelets: Straw-colored to fawny. Ligule: Short-ciliate crown. Panicles: 10-20 branches, 2-5 cm long.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: The flowers (florets) of grasses are often minute and therefore inconspicuous.
DistributionUSA: FL , KS , ME , NM , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: Texas: Practically throughout the state but rare in west Plains Country and Trans-Pecos, east and southeast Texas; most abundant in the Rio Grande Plains. General: Oklahoma, southeast New Mexico, southeast to northern Mexico.
Native Habitat: Prairies, sandy and gravelly soils, less common on clayey soils.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam
BenefitUse Wildlife: Graze; Seeds-Small mammals & granivorous birds like marshland game birds; Nesting material.
Use Other: Fair grazing for livestock.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval food for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: Minimal
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-544 Collected 2007-07-31 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chloris cucullata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chloris cucullata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chloris cucullata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-03-17
Research By: TWC Staff