Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm.
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco
Ulmaceae (Elm Family)
Synonym(s): Celtis pallida, Celtis spinosa var. pallida, Celtis tala var. pallida, Momisia pallida
USDA Symbol: CEEH
One of the few shrubs in the Celtis genus, this deciduous plant rarely reaches 10 ft. in height, but can grow taller. Its numerous spiny branches are whitish gray. The bark is smooth and gray. Leaves are small, roundish, and somewhat rough. Clusters of small, fairly inconspicuous, white flowers are followed by shiny red, orange and yellow fruit ripening in fall but persisting long after leaf-fall.
The species name "pallida" can be attributed to the paleness of the branches.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous , Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to almost 20 feet tall, often much shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AZ , FL , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to AZ & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Mesas; foothills; thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Drier, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Good erosion control.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive
Use Wildlife: Valuable bird and honey plant. The dense growth makes excellent cover for Gambel's quail and other birds. Nectar-insects, bees, butterflies, moths. Fruit-mammals, birds. Celtis ehrenbergiana is the host plant source for the occasional population explosions of American Snout Butterflies. During summer releafing at the end of extended droughts, adult American Snout populations can number in the billions in South Texas.
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: American Snout butterfly
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
American Snout Butterfly |
Learn more at BAMONA
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August 05, 2009
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0864 Collected May 4, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1059 Collected 2007-05-23 in Cameron County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Celtis ehrenbergiana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Celtis ehrenbergiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Celtis ehrenbergiana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-17
Research By: TWC Staff