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Carya tomentosa (Mockernut hickory)
Flaigg, Norman G.

Carya tomentosa

Carya tomentosa (Lam.) Nutt.

Mockernut hickory, Mockernut, White hickory, Whiteheart hickory, Fragrant hickory, Bigbud hickory, Hardbark hickory, Hognut, Bullnut

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)

Synonym(s): Carya alba, Carya tomentosa var. subcoriacea, Hicoria tomentosa, Juglans alba

USDA Symbol: CATO6

USDA Native Status: L48(N)

Mockernut hickory is a 50-60 ft. tree which can reach 100 ft. in height on good soil. Its dark bark is rough and thin with shallow furrows and narrow ridges forming a net-like pattern. It does not peel like Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata). Pinnately compound, deciduous leaves turn bright, golden-yellow if the tree has not suffered drought. Small, barely edible nuts are enclosed in a large, thick shell.

Formerly listed in NPIN as Carya alba. The wood of this common hickory and related species is prized for furniture, flooring, tool handles, baseball bats, skis, and veneer. Hickory wood has a very high fuel value, both as firewood and as charcoal, and is the preferred wood for smoking hams. People must arrive early to gather hickory nuts before they are consumed by squirrels and other wildlife. The former Latin species name, tomentosa, meaning densely covered with soft hairs, describes the undersurfaces of leaflets, a characteristic that makes this tree easily identifiable.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Wellspring Organic Farm and Education Center - West Bend, WI


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Carya tomentosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carya tomentosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carya tomentosa


Record Modified: 2015-11-12
Research By: TWC Staff

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