Carya texana Buckley
Black Hickory, Buckley Hickory, Pignut Hickory
Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)
Synonym(s): Carya buckleyi, Carya buckleyi var. arkansana, Carya glabra var. villosa, Carya texana var. arkansana, Carya texana var. villosa, Hicoria arkansana, Hicoria texana, Hicoria villosa
USDA Symbol: CATE9
A small tree; leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 5-7 leaflets; leaf-scar heart-shaped; bud small, brown, symmetrical; nut slightly four-winged; 2.5-3 cm in diameter. Up to 40 feet in rich bottomlands and 30 feet tall in shallow, rocky soils.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Size Class: 72-100 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , OK , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S.w. IN, c. IL, MO & s.e. KS, s. to c. OK, Edwards Plateau, s. TX & LA
Native Habitat: Rocky, upland forests; well-drained slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable. Rocky, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: One of the most adaptable of all hickories but prefers thinner, well-drained areas. Difficult to transplant because of a large taproot.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Shade tree, Fall conspicuous
Use Wildlife: Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover, Nesting site, Fruit-birds. Starvation browse for deer; nuts eaten.
Larval Host: Serves as a primary host for some magnificent moths, including the luna, funeral dagger, and giant regal. Banded hairstreak.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Banded Hairstreak |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Most easily grown from fresh seed sown immediately after collection or stratified and sown in spring. Increase by hardwood cuttings is usually successful.
Seed Collection: Collect nuts from September to November. Husks usually dry and split open by themselves when the nuts are mature. Persistent husks can be removed with a corn sheller.
Seed Treatment: Embyro dormancy can be overcome by moist stratification at 33-40 degrees for 30-150 days. Older seeds require less stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Carya texana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carya texana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carya texana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-11-12
Research By: DEW