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Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: CASE5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A soft, leafy perennial, usually 6-10 in. tall, often several-stemmed. Large but inconspicuous yellow (sometimes pinkish) flowers and green bracts, tinged with pink or red, form dense spikes. A hairy plant with clustered stems and yellow to pinkish bracts and flowers with corollas protruding like long, pale, curved beaks.
In very dry areas with poor soil, this species forms diminutive tufts; where soil and moisture are better, plants are taller and more open.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , IA , IL , KS , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , OK , SD , TX , WI , WY
Canada: AB , SK
Native Distribution: WI & extreme n. IL to Sask. & MT, s.w. to MO, TX & AZ; also n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry prairies; grassy plains
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Dry, rocky or sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: As with other paintbrushes, this plant is semiparasitic on other plants and is almost impossible to transplant to the garden, but can be started easily from seed.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Castilleja sessiliflora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja sessiliflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja sessiliflora
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff