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Castilleja rhexiifolia (Splitleaf indian paintbrush)
Beckers, Eric

Castilleja rhexiifolia

Castilleja rhexiifolia Rydb.

Splitleaf Indian Paintbrush, Rosy Indian Paintbrush

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Synonym(s): Castilleja lauta, Castilleja leonardii, Castilleja oregonensis

USDA Symbol: CARH4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A cluster of usually unbranched stems rises 8-24 in., or more, from the woody base of this perennial wildflower. The showy, paintbrush-like inflorescence is short and dense with large, rose or crimson, occasionally yellow, bracts.

The roots of Castilleja species tap into the roots of a host plant for survival.


From the Image Gallery

53 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall, often shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: CO , ID , MT , NM , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC
Native Distribution: Mts. from Alt. to B.C., s. to w. CO, UT & n.e. OR
Native Habitat: Moist, open, alpine to subalpine woods & slopes

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: The roots of Castilleja spp. hook to the roots of a host plant for survival.


Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Castilleja rhexiifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja rhexiifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja rhexiifolia


Record Modified: 2022-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff

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