Carya laciniosa (Michx. f.) G. Don
Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)
Synonym(s): Hicoria laciniosa
USDA Symbol: CALA21
Large tree with straight trunk, narrow rounded crown, large leaves, and the largest hickory nuts.
This uncommon species is distinguished from other hickories by the large leaves, large nuts, and orange twigs; and from Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata) by the larger number of leaflets and the thick-shelled nuts. The Latin species name, meaning "with flaps or folds," refers to the shaggy bark.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Pinnate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Nut
Size Notes: Up to about 130 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Green, Brown
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , OK , PA , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: SE. Iowa east to Ohio and SW. Pennsylvania, south to Tennessee, and west to NE. Oklahoma; also local to extreme S. Ontario, New York, N. Georgia, and Mississippi; to 1000' (305 m).
Native Habitat: Moist or wet soils of flood plains and valleys, with other hardwoods.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Loam
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Carya laciniosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carya laciniosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carya laciniosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-06
Research By: TWC Staff