Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
American Bellflower, Tall Bellflower
Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family)
Synonym(s): Campanula americana, Campanula americana var. illinoensis
USDA Symbol: CAAM18
A 3-4 ft., erect plant with leafy stems. The upper portion of the stem is lined with showy, lavender-blue, five-petaled flowers. Radially symmetrical, light blue to violet flowers borne singly or in clusters in axils of upper leaves and forming an elongated, spike-like cluster.
In spite of the common name and the genus name, derived from the Latin campana ("bell"), the flowers of this species are usually flat, not bell-shaped as are many others in this family. Tall Bellflower was formerly included in the genus Campanula.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Southern Ont. & NY to MN, s. to GA & LA
Native Habitat: Moist woods; shady streams; thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Rich, moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Hummingbirds
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate easily. Shallow plant the small seeds in spring for a biennial plant or fall for an annual.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No treatment necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Campanulastrum americanum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Campanulastrum americanum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Campanulastrum americanum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-11-16
Research By: TWC Staff