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Asimina parviflora (Michx.) Dunal
Smallflower Pawpaw, Small-flower Pawpaw, Dwarf Pawpaw
Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family)
USDA Symbol: ASPA18
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Small-flower or dwarf pawpaw is a 6-8 ft. shrub. Its young shoots and leaves are covered with a rusty down, later becoming smooth. Thick, dark green leaves are heavily scented. Brownish-purple, six-petaled flowers are borne singly in leaf axils before leaf emergence. Cylindric, dark green or brown fruit.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Obovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Shrub up to 10 feet tall.
Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to obovate or oblanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, without teeth, smooth at maturity, except for some hairs on the veins on the lower surface, up to 8 inches long.
Flower: Solitary, borne in axils of the leaf scars, maroon, up to 3/4 inch across, usually with a slightly bad odor.
Fruit: Berries greenish yellow at maturity, smooth, up to 3 inches long.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal plain pine forests from s.e. VA to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Dry, piney or oak woods; thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Fertile, loose, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Good understory plant.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Plants are easily grown from scarified/stratified seed. Increase by root cuttings, layering, or dormant transplanting.
Seed Collection: Fruit often drops from shrub while still hard, green and sour. These fruits can be stored in single layers on trays until pulp begins to soften. Remove seeds and air dry before storing.
Seed Treatment: Follow scarification with a 60-90 day stratification at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Asimina parviflora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Asimina parviflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asimina parviflora
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-08-22
Research By: TWC Staff