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Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum (Five-leaved jack-in-the-pulpit)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ssp. quinatum (Buckley) Huttleston

Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack In The Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Araceae (Arum Family)

Synonym(s): Arisaema quinatum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

There are two jack-in-the-pulpits, both 1-3 feet tall and very similar, except that this one has 5 leaflets forming the leaf and the other, A. triphyllum, has 3. Flowers grow on a long, thick spike that is enclosed by a fleshy bract (in this case an enlarged leaf) with a flap over the top. It has the general likeness of an old-fashioned pulpit with a canopy over it, which suggests its common name. The many tiny flowers are off-white in color. It has pistillate flowers at the base and staminate flowers in the middle portion.


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , FL , GA , KY , LA , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum


Record Modified: 2022-11-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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