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Arnoglossum plantagineum (Groovestem indian plantain)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Arnoglossum plantagineum

Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.

Groovestem Indian Plantain, Indian Plantain, Prairie Plantain, Prairie Indian Plantain

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Synonym(s): Cacalia paniculata, Cacalia plantaginea, Cacalia pteranthes, Cacalia tuberosa, Mesadenia tuberosa

USDA Symbol: ARPL4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


From the Image Gallery

30 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire , Lobed , Serrulate
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , MS , NE , OH , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: Prefers rich, moist soil in prairies, fields and open woods. Occurs in southeast and east Texas to central Texas and the Edwards Plateau.
Native Habitat: Wet Meadow, Prairie, Field

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Conditions Comments: While the flowers are insignificant, the foliage is striking, with glossy leaves that occur mostly at the plant base.


Use Medicinal: Cherokees used as a poultice for cuts, bruises, tumors and infections.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: High

Value to Beneficial Insects

Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Arnoglossum plantagineum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arnoglossum plantagineum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arnoglossum plantagineum


Record Modified: 2022-11-23
Research By: NPC

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