Armeria maritima (Mill.) Willd.
Plumbaginaceae (Leadwort Family)
USDA Symbol: ARMA6
This plant forms dense tussocks of grayish-green, linear leaves and pubescent flower stems. Up to 2 feet tall, the flower stems terminate in a small, round head of pink to lavender flowers. A low plant with a basal cluster of many narrow leaves and, atop a slender, leafless stalk, a globe of pale lilac flowers, beneath which are several broad, purplish, papery bracts. Tussocks of dried leaves are persistent.
It resembles a small onion, but the two families are only related in that they are flowering plants.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Leaf: Dark Green
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , CO , OR , WA
Native Distribution: Circumpolar, s. in the U.S. from the Aleutian Islands along the Pacific Coast to s. CA
Native Habitat: Gravelly tundra; coastal cliffs & beaches
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: The variety californica occurs from Vancouver Island through California
BenefitUse Wildlife: Bees
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed or cuttings.
Seed Treatment: Seeds do not need pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Armeria maritima in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Armeria maritima in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Armeria maritima
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-26
Research By: TWC Staff