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Argemone albiflora ssp. texana (Texas bluestem pricklypoppy)
Brundage, Stephanie

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana

Argemone albiflora Hornem. ssp. texana G.B. Ownbey

Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Papaveraceae (Poppy Family)

Synonym(s): Argemone albiflora var. texana


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This is an extremely prickly annual or biennial, usually growing 1 1/2-2 ft., but sometimes reaching 5 ft. in height. Subtended by leaf-like, spiny bracts, the white blooms are 4-6 in. across with fragile, crinkled petals and numerous yellow or red stamens. White prickly poppyís blue-green leaves are lobed, spiny, and covered with a whitish bloom.


From the Image Gallery

11 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Margin: Dentate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AR , LA , MO , TX
Native Distribution: Most of TX into OK; naturalized elsewhere
Native Habitat: Hills; pastures; disturbed areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy or gravelly soils.
Conditions Comments: White prickly poppy is not competitive with perennials. It blooms only in spring and should be pulled out by June. This is an extremely prickly annual or biennial. White prickly poppy's blue-green leaves are lobed, spiny, and covered with a whitish bloom.


Warning: Seeds and other plant parts can be toxic if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Seed sown in fall or early spring
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-32 Collected 2006-06-19 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Argemone albiflora ssp. texana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Argemone albiflora ssp. texana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Argemone albiflora ssp. texana


Record Modified: 2022-11-21
Research By: TWC Staff

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