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Annona glabra (Pond apple)
Cressler, Alan

Annona glabra

Annona glabra L.

Pond Apple

Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family)


USDA Symbol: ANGL4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

A tree with a a rounded, spreading crown and a short, buttressed trunk.

The Pond Apple is a member of the annona or custard apple family (Annonaceae), which includes small to medium-sized trees and shrubs. The family has about 2,000 species in tropical and warm temperate regions, but only four native and one naturalized tree and three native shrub species occur in North America.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acute
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Height to 50 feet.
Leaf: Bright green above, pale below.
Fruit: Dull yellow blotched with brown. 5-12 cm.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


Native Distribution: Central Florida and southward.
Native Habitat: Swamps, wet hammocks, streamsides.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Giant sphinx
(Cocytius antaeus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Research Literature

Reslit 521 - The olfactory component of floral display in Asimina and Deeringothamnus (Annonaceae) (2009) K. R. Goodrich and R. A. Raguso
Reslit 335 - Effect of the culture environment on stomatal features, epidermal cells and water loss of micropropagated Annona glabra L. plants (2008) S. F. C. Deccetti, A. M. Soares, R. Paiva and E. M...
Reslit 329 - Effects of cytokinins on the leaf anatomy and growth of Annona glabra L. during in vitro and ex vitro culture (2008) L. M. de Oliveira, R. Paiva, M. A. I. Aloufa, E. M...
Reslit 331 - Stimulus of the photoautotrophic behavior during the in vitro rooting of Annona glabra L., - I. Development of root system and shoot (2008) J. R. de Santana, R. Paiva, F. D. Pereira and L. M...
Reslit 332 - Leaf anatomy of six species of Annonacea cultivated in vitro and greenhouse (2008) J. R. F. de Santana, L. M. de Oliveira, R. Paiva, ...
Reslit 333 - Stimulus of the photoautotrophic behavior during the in vitro rooting of Annona glabra L., II. Aspects of leaf anatomy before acclimatization (2008) J. R. F. de Santana, R. Paiva, R. K. S. Resende, E...
Reslit 695 - Responses of twelve tree species common in Everglades tree islands to simulated hydrologic regimes (2006) D. T. Jones, J. P. Sah, M. S. Ross, S. F. Oberbaue...
Reslit 892 - Effect of in situ storage, light, and moisture on the germination of two wetland tropical trees (2005) D. I. Mata and P. Moreno-Casasola
Reslit 1021 - Soil temperature, physiology, and growth of containerized Annona species (2004) M. Ojeda, B. Schaffer and F. S. Davies
Reslit 1022 - Flooding, root temperature, physiology and growth of two Annona species (2004) M. Ojeda, B. Schaffer and F. S. Davies

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Annona glabra in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Annona glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Annona glabra


Record Modified: 2017-07-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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