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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Alphitonia ponderosa

Alphitonia ponderosa Hillebr.

Hawaii Kauilatree, Kauila, Kauwila, Oa

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family)

Synonym(s): Alphitonia ponderosa var. auwahiensis, Alphitonia ponderosa var. costata, Alphitonia ponderosa var. grandifolia, Alphitonia ponderosa var. kauila, Alphitonia ponderosa var. lanaiensis

USDA Symbol: ALPO3

USDA Native Status: HI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 80 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Habitat: Dry to mesic forests.


Bibref 1798 - Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised Edition (1999) Wagner, W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 31 - Native Plants Hawaii (2018) University of Hawaii
Webref 44 - Plants of Hawaii (1997) Starr Environmental

Additional resources

USDA: Find Alphitonia ponderosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Alphitonia ponderosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Alphitonia ponderosa


Record Modified: 2020-11-16
Research By: CBR

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