Allium canadense var. mobilense
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Allium arenicola, Allium canadense ssp. mobilense, Allium microscordion, Allium mobilense, Allium mutabile, Allium zenobine
USDA Symbol: ALCAM
Wild Onion is a common sight in the spring. Crow poison is similar and shares the same habitat, but the onion can be identified by its scent. It has a hollow stem 6-8 inches long and 3 or more basal leaves about as long and 1/8 inch wide. The flowers cluster at the top of the stem, individual flowers having stems 1/4-1 inch long. The 6 tepals are rose-pink to white, fading with age. There are 6 stamens.
Wild Onion prefers open, unshaded areas, where they bloom during April and May. When rainfall is sufficient, they sometimes bloom again in the fall.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Scape usually up to about 1 foot tall. Sometimes up to about 20 inches tall.
Fruit: Seeds black.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KS , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Allium canadense var. mobilense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Allium canadense var. mobilense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Allium canadense var. mobilense
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-10
Research By: TWC Staff