Abronia fragrans Nutt. ex Hook.
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight
Nyctaginaceae (Four O'clock Family)
Synonym(s): Abronia fragrans var. glaucescens
USDA Symbol: ABFR2
Hearts-delight or Sand Verbena can be an upright or widely sprawling perennial, ranging in height or width from 8-40 in. Its long, funnel-shaped flowers are usually white, but are sometimes tinged with green, lavender, or pink. Numerous blossoms are held in ball-shaped clusters at the ends of the sticky-hairy, branched stems. The flowers open in late afternoon and close in the morning.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Accessory
Size Notes: Stems procumbent to semi-erect, up to about 40 inches long.
Flower: Flowers in 2 inch heads.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , KS , MT , ND , NE , NM , OK , SD , TX , UT , WY
Native Distribution: N. AZ to w. TX & OK, n. through Rockies and western Plains
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas, Woodlands' edge, Opening, Sandy plains
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Loose, deep, sandy soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Rock gardens, Rocky hillside, Color, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Sand verbena attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Easily raised from fall-sown seed in mild-winter areas.
Seed Treatment: Germination may be enhanced by removing the seeds from the papery fruit just before planting.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
BibliographyBibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Abronia fragrans in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Abronia fragrans in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Abronia fragrans
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-18
Research By: DEW