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Vick, Albert F. W.
Viburnum acerifolium L.
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood
Synonym(s): Viburnum acerifolium var. acerifolium, Viburnum acerifolium var. densiflorum, Viburnum acerifolium var. glabrescens, Viburnum acerifolium var. ovatum, Viburnum densiflorum
USDA Symbol: viac
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Maple-leaf arrow-wood is a low, densely branched shrub, 4-6 ft. tall and 3-4 ft. wide. Flat-topped clusters of white flowers are followed by berries turning from red to blue-black. Bright- to dark-green, deciduous foliage, maple-like in shape, is very colorful in fall. A shrub with maple-like leaves and small, white flowers or uniform size in flat topped clusters.
The distinctive, purplish-pink autumn foliage makes this one of our handsomest shrubs. Another native Viburnum with 3-lobed leaves, Cranberry Viburnum (V. opulus var. americanum), has large, showy, white, sterile outer flowers in each cluster and in late summer and autumn bears red fruits suitable for jam. Few-flowered Cranberry Bush (V. edule), with red fruit and only slightly lobed leaves, occurs at high elevations in the Northeast, extending far north into Canada.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Margin: Dentate Size Notes:
Dense clumps to 5 feet tall. Leaf:
Green above, pale below. Autumn Foliage:
1 1/2 to 3 inches across
Red turning purple or black. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.B. to Upper Peninsula MI,
s. to FL
& TX Native Habitat:
Thickets, Shaded woods. Mesic, mixed woods; bluffs; ravines
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Suckers profusely to form large, loose, open colonies. Susceptible to Viburnum Leaf Beetle.
Color, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Fall conspicuous, Accent tree
or shrub Use Wildlife:
Birds eat the blue berries. Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-insects, Browse, Fruit-birds Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Collect the fruit
as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees. Seed Treatment:
If seeds must be stored, they will need a period of stratification. Commercially Avail:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plant to replace invasive non-native nandina in Houston
February 28, 2010
I'm just now finding out that Nandinas are an invasive species from our local chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas. I have three of them in my front yard and want to replace them. Can you sug...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff