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Viburnum edule (Squashberry)
Weyand, Phyllis

Viburnum edule

Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf.

Squashberry, Moosewood Viburnum, Few-flowered Cranberry Bush

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

Synonym(s): Viburnum pauciflorum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

A straggling to erect shrub, 2-7 ft. tall, sometimes taller, with smooth, leafy branches. Leaves are sometimes 3-lobed and always palmately veined. White flowers occur in dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches. The fruit is yellow, becoming red or orange in late fall. Straggly shrub with opposite, 3-lobed leaves and sour, edible red berries.

Except in fall, when this plant adds a vivid splash of color to northern forests, Moosewood Viburnum is often overlooked, being rather straggly in appearance. There are more than 100 species of viburnum in the world, 15 of which occur in North America, primarily in the northern latitudes.


From the Image Gallery

12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall, often much shorter.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Red, Orange

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , CO , ID , ME , MI , MN , MT , NH , NY , OR , PA , SD , VT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , NU , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: Lab. to AK, s. on mts. or cool slopes to n. New England, n.e. MN, CO & n. OR
Native Habitat: Moist, wooded areas

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Cool, moist soils.
Conditions Comments: The fruit is highly valued for jam.


Use Wildlife: Fruit attracts gamebirds, songbirds and mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds


Seed Collection: Collect the fruit as soon as it has turned a orange-red color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees.
Seed Treatment: If seeds must be stored, they will need a period of stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 62 - Burke Herbarium Image Collection (2020) University of Washington
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1990 VOL. 7, NO.2 - Preservation Blooms in Recreated Prairies, New Wildflower Center Prairie Welcome...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viburnum edule in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viburnum edule in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum edule


Record Modified: 2023-05-31
Research By: TWC Staff

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