Solidago sempervirens L.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: sose
This perennial produces a tight clump of narrow, evergreen basal leaves topped by leafy, erect or arching, 2-8 ft. stalks. The terminal or upper axillary flowering heads are dense, the lowest branches somewhat recurved. Flowers are deep-yellow and the leaves are somewhat succulent. Succulent-leaved salt-marsh Goldenrod with arching branches that bear one-sided clusters of large, bright yellow flower heads.
Plants found from Florida to Texas and Mexico are recognized by some experts as a different species (S. mexicana), but as another variety of this single species, S. sempervirens var. mexicana, by others. It also hybridizes regularly with Rough-stemmed Goldenrod (S. rugosa).
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf: Dark Green
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from Nf. to FL, TX & Mex.
Native Habitat: Saline places along the coast
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Pinch the growing tips in June for a more compact plant. This goldenrod does not spread by rhizomes or become invasive. It is resistant to salt spray.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL
Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
Toadshade Wildflower Farm - Frenchtown, NJ
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1244 Collected 2008-11-13 in Brazoria County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 1383 - Ornamental Landscape Performance of Native and Nonnative Grasses under Low-input Conditions (2009) M. Thetford, J. G. Norcini, B. Ballard and J. H. A...
Reslit 2795 - Responses of populations of Solidago sempervirens (Compositae) to salt spray across a barrier beach (1980) R. J. Cartica, J. A. Quinn
Reslit 2796 - Resource allocation and fecundity of populations of Solidago sempervirens along a coastal dune gradient (1982) R. J. Cartica, J. A. Quinn
Reslit 2797 - Studies on the seedling development of Solidago rugosa Mill., S. sempervirens L. and the reciprocal hybrids between them (1937) R. H. Goodwin
Reslit 2798 - The role of auxin in leaf development in Solidago species (1937) R. H. Goodwin
Reslit 2799 - The effect of seed dispersal limitations on the spatial distribution of a gap species, seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) (1993) P. C. Lee
Reslit 2800 - The effect of gap dynamics on the size and spatial structure of Solidago sempervirens on primary coastal dunes (1995) P. C. Lee
Reslit 2801 - Arbuscular mycorrhizae in sand dune plants of the north Atlantic Coast of the US: Field and greenhouse inoculation and presence of mycorrhizae in planting stock (1997) J. N. Gemma, R. E. Koske
Reslit 2802 - Effects of salinity on germination and growth of Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana (L.) Fern (1997) C. Orava, D. R. Drake
Reslit 2803 - Population differentiation in the range expansion of a native maritime plant, Solidago sempervirens L. (2002) J. Brauer, M. A. Geber
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1984 VOL. 1, NO.1 - First issue. Lady Bird\'s Center is a dream come true. National Clearinghouse a ...
Wildflower Newsletter 1986 VOL. 3, NO.1 - Library and Clearinghouse Serve the Nation, What is a Weed, More than Just a Pre...
Wildflower Newsletter 1991 VOL. 8, NO.3 - Native Plants Provide a Wealth of Foods and Fibers, Letter from the President, A...
Wildflower Newsletter 1992 VOL. 9, NO.2 - Native Landscaping City Restrictions and Homeowner Association, Director's Repor...
Wildflower Newsletter 1992 VOL. 9, NO.3 - Water and Landscaping with Native Plants, Research Update, Research Director's R...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago sempervirens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago sempervirens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago sempervirens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-12
Research By: TWC Staff