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Flaigg, Norman G.
Lupinus texensis Hook.
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower
USDA Symbol: lute
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Texas lupine has larger, more sharply pointed leaves and more numerous flower heads than similar lupines. Light-green, velvety, palmately compound leaves (usually five leaflets) are born from branching, 6-18 in. stems. These stems are topped by clusters of up to 50 fragrant, blue, pea-like flowers. The tip of the cluster is conspicuously white.
This is the species often planted by highway departments and garden clubs and is one of the six Lupinus species which are the state flower of Texas.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, TX Native Distribution:
South central to north central Texas mainly in the Blackland Prairie and Edwards Plateau. Planted extensively along roadsides in Texas and Oklahoma, though endemic
to Texas. Native Habitat:
Praires; open fields; roadsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Limestone/chalky, Sandy Loam, Limestone-based, Calcareous, Sandy, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche Conditions Comments:
Not only does the state flower
of Texas bloom oceans of blue, but this famous wildflower forms attractive rosettes in winter. This is the species often used by highway departments and garden clubs. If planting this species in areas where it has not formerly grown, it may be helpful to inoculate the soil with a rhizobium
(soil-borne bacteria which form nitrogen-rich root nodules) for lupines.
Wildflower meadow, Showy blooms ornamental, Easily grown Use Wildlife:
Plants in the genus
Lupinus, especially the seeds, can be toxic to humans and animals if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Hairstreak butterfly, Elfin butterfly Deer Resistant:
Propagate by sowing seed or planting seedlings in fall. Seed Collection:
Allow the bluebonnet to reseed itself by leaving the seed pods intact on the plant until they turn from yellow to brown. Seed Treatment:
Scarification will hasten germination. Put seeds in the freezer overnight and then douse with boiling water to crack seedcoats. Soaking seeds overnight is also effective. Drain water, add rhizobium,
and plant. Commercially Avail:
Plants doing poorly sometimes respond to additional rhizobium
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Wintering over Bluebonnets in a pot in Oklahoma
November 22, 2009
I live near Tulsa, OK, and I have spent the last year trying to grow bluebonnets in a container. I have been very successful in this process and they are so beautiful and full, but now I am worried ab...
view the full question and answer
Plants for green roof in Mexico
August 06, 2008
Hello! I am checking local plants to plant on a Green Roof, and am researching on which are mostly to survive better. Is it possible to plant the following on a green roof?? (Root depth needed, basica...
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More on bluebonnets
March 13, 2007
I want to go to the Willow loop north 7 miles or so of Fredericksburg to see the bluebonnets in bloom this year but don't know when the best time would be to see this spectacular view. I plan to be ...
view the full question and answer
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Briggs, TX
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Fredericksburg Nature Center
- Fredericksburg, TXLady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXSibley Nature Center
- Midland, TXBrackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXTexas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TXNative Seed Network
- Corvallis, ORJacob's Well Natural Area
- Wimberley, TXNPSOT - Williamson County Chapter
- Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0176
Collected May 8, 1991 in Bexar County by Judith C. BerryNPSOT 1049
Collected Apr 3, 1994 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0839
Collected Mar 27, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-84
Collected 2007-05-07 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
(2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides)
(1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes
(2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest
(1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region
(2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
(1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide
(1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife
(1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas
(2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country
(1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
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Record Last Modified: 2014-01-29
Research By: TWC Staff