En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?


Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Saturday - June 30, 2012

From: Corpus Christi, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Planting, Herbs/Forbs, Trees
Title: Plants under an oak tree from Corpus Christi TX
Answered by: Barbara Medford


My project: To grow white turk's cap under an old oak tree I first planted St. Augustine sod this spring because we had many oak suckers around the tree. We mixed new soil and compost, and laid the sod. Some suckers are coming through, but the grass is growing. Then I planted the turk's cap but had to cut through sod and oak tree roots in order to have deep and wide enough holes. I water twice a day in the South Texas heat or maybe it's because the sod and plants are competing for water. Some of the white turk's cap didn't make it, so I tried the red and pink Pam's Puryear varieties. Although I do have a few planting issues, Mr. Smarty Plants, do you have any recommendations for success with my planting project? Thank you!


First, just to establish where we are: Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii (Turk's cap or turkscap) blooms both white and red, and is native both to North America and Texas and, according to this USDA Plant Profile Map, also grows natively in and around Nueces County. Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii   'Pam Puryear' (Pam Puryear Turk's Cap) is a hybrid between drummondii and Malvaviscus arboreus (Turkscap), both of which are native and the hybrid produces a pink flower, but will not appear in our Native Plant Database.

St. Augustine grass is native to Africa, but in view of the amount of shade you have, it may well be the only grass that will survive. Unfortunately, in these days of heat and water shortages, it is high maintenance and requires a lot of water. We are encouraging the use of native grasses although, as we said there isn't much to recommend for shade. Had you asked in advance, we might have recommended a good quality mulch over those tree roots instead of the grass; however, it's a little difficult to unplant. On the subject of the oak suckers you initially were trying to eliminate, please read this previous Mr. Smarty Plants question.

Now, let's go on to the part of your garden we consider most important: the oak tree. This is a very valuable part of your landscaping and, although you didn't tell us what kind of oak it is, many oaks are threatened by Oak Wilt Disease. This is often spread by work done around the oak trunk or cutting the roots, resulting in a wound.

So, recommendations for your project? Don't cut any more oak roots. Remember that oaks possess the trait called allelopathy, in which they emit substances to discourage competitive plants beneath them. You could do everything right and the plants below that oak will still die. We think you are watering too much. If the dirt in the planting holes was not amended for drainage, that extra water may be just standing on roots. You haven't done a single thing that we haven't done in the past. What you do is learn from the results. Your plants may all do beautifully, the oak sprouts may die away and the oak continue in good health for many more years. But if they don't, just figure out why and don't do it again.


From the Image Gallery

Turk's cap or turkscap
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii

Malvaviscus arboreus

More Planting Questions

Landscape services in Austin
February 21, 2011 - I just bought a property in Austin with a terrific outdoor space. However, I came to find that the previous owner added jasmine and many other invasive species. I'd like to rid the entire space of th...
view the full question and answer

Looking for a specimen shade tree in San Rafael, CA
June 04, 2013 - I'm looking for a specimen shade tree that can get 30'x30', that doesn't drop a bunch of crud (seeds, etc) on the patio (leaves are ok), medium to low water requirement, roots are behaved, zone 9,...
view the full question and answer

Native sun plants for Bastrop TX
April 05, 2011 - We live in the Bastrop area and have a 21 ft. by 15 ft. sunny area. We also need help with a list of native plants and want to start planting from tallest to short. Can you please advise?
view the full question and answer

Seed Habiturf on top of existing St. Augustine from Austin
January 26, 2012 - We don't want to rip up an existing St. Augustine lawn (potential HOA problems), but we'd like to go native grasses (like Habiturf?). Is there anything we can just seed on top of our present lawn a...
view the full question and answer

How do I plant seeds harvested from my flower bed?
February 28, 2012 - In early Spring of 2011 I planted a new raised bed 75'x4' in size, with wildflower seeds obtained from a commercial nursery in Corpus Christi. I was taken back by their cost relative to the volume o...
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center