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Vitis riparia (Riverbank grape)
Smith, R.W.

Vitis riparia

Vitis riparia Michx.

Riverbank Grape, River-bank Grape

Vitaceae (Grape Family)

Synonym(s): Vitis riparia var. praecox, Vitis riparia var. syrticola, Vitis vulpina ssp. riparia, Vitis vulpina var. praecox, Vitis vulpina var. syrticola

USDA Symbol: viri

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

This deciduous vine trails or climbs 35 ft. or more. Reddish-brown, exfoliating bark; small, loose spikes of yellow-green, fragrant flowers; and bluish-black berries are the plantís showy characteristics.


From the Image Gallery

24 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Climber, up to about 35 feet long.
Leaf: Green
Autumn Foliage: yes

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AR , CO , CT , DC , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , MB , NB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: Que. to Man. & MT, s. to GA, OK, TX & NM
Native Habitat: Low, rich woods; stream banks; thickets; open hillsides

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist to dry, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Fast-growing and long-lived. Flood, disease and insect tolerant.


Use Wildlife: Relished by songbirds, gamebirds, waterfowl and mammals.
Fragrant Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Vitis riparia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vitis riparia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vitis riparia


Record Modified: 2023-05-25
Research By: TWC Staff

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