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Viola labradorica (Alpine violet)
Cressler, Alan

Viola labradorica

Viola labradorica Schrank

Alpine Violet, American Dog Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola adunca var. minor, Viola conspersa

USDA Symbol: vila10

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

A leafy-stemmed violet, this perennial is 4-8 in. tall, with dainty, pale blue or purple flowers. The leaves have small, rounded teeth. Each plant usually has two to four flowering stalks. A low plant with leaves and light bluish-violet flowers on same stalk.

The very similar Long-spurred Violet (V. rostrata) has pale blue flowers with darker blue centers and spurs 1/2-1" (1.5-2.5 cm) long; it is found from Ontario and Quebec south to Wisconsin, Illinois, Alabama, and Georgia. Prostrate Blue Violet (V. walteri), a southern species growing from Ohio south to Texas and Florida, is densely hairy. Also very similar, Western Dog Violet or Hooked-spur Violet (V. adunca) is a northern species found in dry rocky habitats throughout western North America and as far south as South Dakota, Iowa, Wisconsin, and New England in the eastern half.


From the Image Gallery

10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 8 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: CO , DC , IN , MA , ME , MI , MN , ND , NH , NJ , NY , PA , VT , WI
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Que. to s. Ont. & e. ND, s. to MD & n.e. IL; also mts. to AL
Native Habitat: Damp or dry, open woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds


Seed Collection: Seeds are difficult to collect.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola labradorica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola labradorica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola labradorica


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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