Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton
Lowbush Blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
Synonym(s): Vaccinium angustifolium var. hypolasium, Vaccinium angustifolium var. laevifolium, Vaccinium angustifolium var. nigrum, Vaccinium brittonii, Vaccinium lamarckii, Vaccinium nigrum
USDA Symbol: vaan
A low, straggling shrub, usually 6 in. to 2 ft. tall and wide. Multiple stems; twiggy branches. Glossy foliage turns from red-green in spring to dark blue-green in summer to maroon-purple in fall. Small, white, pink-tinged, bell-shaped flowers are followed by edible blue fruit.
The berries are relished by wildlife and humans alike.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: White, sometimes pink tinged.
DistributionUSA: CT , DE , IA , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Lab. to Sask., s. to New England, DE, WV, OH, n. IL & IA
Native Habitat: Open, conifer woods; sandy or rocky balds & old fields
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Acid, moist to droughty soils.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to chlorosis due to alkalinity. Planting more than one plant is beneficial for fruit production.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Berries are relished by most birds and mammals.
Use Food: Fruit edible.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Most commonly propagated by softwood cuttings taken in spring. Vaccinium will also root from hardwood cuttings of unbranched shoots of previous season. Seeds may need to be stratified and should be sown on a slightly acid soil mix.
Seed Treatment: Stratify for 60-90 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Michigan native plants for shady, low traffic area
May 10, 2006
Hello, I am looking for a recommendation for a Michigan native groundcover. I live adjacent to the Rouge River watershed and want to buy the right thing. The location is shady, infrequently walked ...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vaccinium angustifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vaccinium angustifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vaccinium angustifolium
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff