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Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa (Four-nerve daisy)
Flaigg, Norman G.

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa

Tetraneuris scaposa (DC.) Greene var. scaposa

Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Synonym(s): Hymenoxys glabra, Hymenoxys scaposa, Hymenoxys scaposa var. glabra, Tetraneuris fastigiata, Tetraneuris glabra, Tetraneuris stenophylla

USDA Symbol: tescs

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Four-nerve Daisy is a low, upright, silvery perennial to1 ft., from a woody base. The solitary stem is much-branched at the base forming a clump. The solitary flower heads occur at the end of silky, leafless stalks. The tip of each yellow ray flower is three-toothed. Four dark purple veins are visible on both sides of the ray. Disc flowers are also yellow. Long, narrow, silvery-green leaves are crowded mostly toward the base.

Flower petals become reflexed with age and remain on the plant a long time. Flowers have an unpleasant odor when picked. Stems not densely woolly among proximal leaves.


From the Image Gallery

59 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: 8-12 inches tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Main bloom period is Mar-Jun. May bloom year-round under the right conditions.


USA: CO , IL , KS , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: W. Kansas to Oklahoma and Texas, west to Colorado and New Mexico; reported in Illinois.
Native Habitat: Dry plains; rocky hillsides.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Conditions Comments: Four-nerve Daisy is a low, upright, silvery perennial with yellow disk flowers. Great for a rock garden, or garden border.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate

Mr. Smarty Plants says

List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
Good day, I am searching for a list of native Texas flowers (preferably perennials) for a flower garden. Thank you.
view the full question and answer

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0881 Collected May 20, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-PFK-1 Collected 2006-07-22 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank

Additional resources

USDA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa


Record Modified: 2019-04-17
Research By: JMS

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