Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl.
Saltmeadow Cordgrass, Salt-meadow Cordgrass, Marsh-hay Cordgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Spartina patens var. juncea, Spartina patens var. monogyna
USDA Symbol: sppa
Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a member of the grass family (family Poaceae). Grasses are herbs, rarely woody, with cylindrical, jointed flowering stems (culms), hollow between the joints, leaves often mostly basal and tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters. This very important family, consisting of about 525 genera and 5000 species, provides much of the food used by humans, as well as fodder for livestock. Grasses occur throughout the world in almost every habitat, with the greatest diversity of species found in the tropical zone, and the greatest abundance in the temperate regions.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AL , CA , CT , DE , FL , GA , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OR , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA , WA
Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from Que. to TX; infrequently inland in saline marshes of e. U.S.
Native Habitat: Saline marshes & sandy meadows near the coast
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet, sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerates salt spray. Often used for beach front stabilization. If grown in a freshwater environment, S. patens will grow much bigger.
PropagationCommercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
When to plant grasses on Long Island, NY
December 06, 2009
Dear Mr. Smarty Plants; Are there any grass seeds that I can plant NOW, early December, on Long Island, NY? The planting environment is on and near a sandy bluff on a bayshore, where it can be windy ...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Spartina patens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Spartina patens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Spartina patens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-12-20
Research By: TWC Staff