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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Solidago juncea (Early goldenrod)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Solidago juncea

Solidago juncea Aiton

Early Goldenrod, Plume Goldenrod

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Synonym(s): Solidago juncea var. neobohemica, Solidago juncea var. ramosa

USDA Symbol: soju

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Solitary or few stemmed perennial, 1-4 ft. tall. Large, narrowly oval, toothed leaves, decreasing rapidly in size upward. The loose inflorescence is terminal, its branches somewhat arching.

This well-named plant is the earliest of the goldenrods to bloom. It attracts butterflies.


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: N.B. to Man., s. to VA & n. AR; also in mts. to SC & TN
Native Habitat: Fields; wood borders

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Dry, sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: The earliest goldenrod to bloom.


Use Wildlife: Attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Plant seeds outdoors in fall or store, stratify and plant in spring.
Seed Treatment: Cold moist stratify for 60 days.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1986 VOL. 3, NO.1 - Library and Clearinghouse Serve the Nation, What is a Weed, More than Just a Pre...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Solidago juncea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago juncea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago juncea


Record Modified: 2023-01-16
Research By: TWC Staff

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