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Sanicula canadensis (Canadian blacksnakeroot)
Smith, R.W.

Sanicula canadensis

Sanicula canadensis L.

Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Apiaceae (Carrot Family)


USDA Symbol: saca15

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Inconspicuous, greenish flowers in small, uneven compound umbels on stalks of unequal length.

The genus name of this widely distributed species, derived from the Latin sanare ("to heal"), refers to its once-reputed medicinal powers. Several closely related species are distinguished only by minor technical characteristics.


From the Image Gallery

19 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are inconspicuous.


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Native Distribution: Ontario and Quebec south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to South Dakota and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Dry open woods.

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX

Additional resources

USDA: Find Sanicula canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sanicula canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sanicula canadensis


Record Modified: 2012-07-06
Research By: TWC Staff

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