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Rubus pubescens Raf.
Dwarf Red Blackberry, Dwarf Raspberry, Dwarf Red Raspberry, Trailing Raspberry, Dwarf Red Bramble, Dewberry, Pigeonberry
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: rupu
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Ranging across northern Eurasia and northern North America as far south as montane Colorado, West Virginia, and Oregon, this diminutive, trailing Rubus species has decorative white flowers and red fruit. It prefers rich, moist, woodland soil. Its fruit is edible but slightly tart and with little pulp. Would make a good groundcover in moist, forested northern landscapes.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous , Hirsute
Leaf Margin: Serrate
Leaf Apex: Acute
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Leaf Texture: Smooth
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Aggregate , Drupe
Size Notes: Usually up to 1 foot high.
Flower: Flower 1 cm.
Fruit: Red to 1 cm, aggregated drupelets.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Blooms from late spring to early summer
DistributionUSA: CO , CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Northern Eurasia and northern North America. Across Canada, south in the US as far as West Virginia, Nebraska, and Colorado at higher elevations
Native Habitat: Moist woodland and forest edge, bog/fen
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
Drought Tolerance: Low
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rich, moist woodland soils
BenefitUse Ornamental: A good, trailing groundcover for rich, moist, shady areas in the north
Use Wildlife: Birds, Butterflies
Use Food: Fruit edible but tart and with minimal pulp.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Groundcover to reduce erosion for shady area in New York
May 05, 2009
We live on a lake with gravelly and clay soils, lots of wind and little sun. I am looking for a native ground cover that will help reduce erosion over some of the steep slopes facing south (under shad...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rubus pubescens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rubus pubescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rubus pubescens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-11
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG