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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Moneses uniflora (Single delight)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Moneses uniflora

Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray

Single Delight, Shy Maiden, Wood Nymph, St. Olaf's Candlestick, One-flowered Wintergreen

Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf Family)

Synonym(s): Moneses uniflora ssp. reticulata, Moneses uniflora var. reticulata, Pyrola uniflora

USDA Symbol: moun2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

A little plant topped with 1 nodding, white or pale pink, saucer-shaped flower.

This species also occurs in Eurasia. Moneses, from the Greek words monos ("single") and hesis ("delight"), refers to the single pretty flower.

Many authorities show this genus to now belong in the Ericaceae family.


From the Image Gallery

9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , ID , MA , ME , MI , MN , MT , NH , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , NU , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: Alaska south and east to eastern Canada, and south throughout western mountains to northern California, Arizona, and New Mexico; also in northeastern United States.
Native Habitat: Coniferous forests.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Moneses uniflora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Moneses uniflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Moneses uniflora


Record Modified: 2023-05-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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