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Ficus aurea

Ficus aurea Nutt.

Florida Strangler Fig, Strangler Fig

Moraceae (Mulberry Family)


USDA Symbol: fiau

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The Strangler Fig is a member of the mulberry family (family Moraceae) which includes trees and shrubs, sometimes herbs, with white sap or latex usually present and often abundant. About 1400 species mostly in tropical and subtropical areas, a few in temperate regions; 5 native and 3 naturalized tree species.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual
Fruit Type: Accessory , Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 65 feet tall.
Fruit: Achenes completely embedded in enlarged, fleshy syconia.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Flowers inconspicuous.



National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ficus aurea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ficus aurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ficus aurea


Record Modified: 2023-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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