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Crataegus punctata

Crataegus punctata Jacq.

Dotted Hawthorn, White Thorn, Dotted Haw

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Crataegus collina, Crataegus collina var. secta, Crataegus collina var. sordida, Crataegus collina var. succincta, Crataegus fastosa, Crataegus punctata var. aurea, Crataegus punctata var. canescens, Crataegus punctata var. microphylla, Crataegus verruculosa

USDA Symbol: crpu

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Dotted hawthorn is a flat-topped, thorny, horizontal-branching, deciduous tree growing up to 30 ft. high. It is usually wider than tall at maturity. Trunk bark is round and dark-gray; twigs are silvery. Profuse clusters of white, rose-like flowers are followed by a dull red "apple," 3/4 in. in diameter.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Red

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: S. New England to Ont. & MN, s. to GA mts., KY & e. IA
Native Habitat: Open, hardwood & conifer-hardwood forests

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Quite susceptible to rust. Var. inermis is an essentially thornless type selected from a tree at the Secrest Arboretum in Wooster, OH.


Use Wildlife: Only a few birds like the fruit of Crataegus and, consequently, they remain effective for a long time.
Warning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Propagate using treated seed.
Seed Treatment: Warm stratify at 70-77 degrees for 120 days followed by 135 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus punctata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus punctata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus punctata


Record Modified: 2023-05-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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