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Crataegus flava

Crataegus flava Aiton

Yellowleaf Hawthorn, Yellow-leaf Hawthorn, Summer Hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Crataegus aprica, Crataegus floridana, Crataegus leonensis, Crataegus lepida, Crataegus meridiana, Crataegus michauxii, Crataegus ravenelii, Crataegus recurvata, Crataegus senta, Crataegus visenda

USDA Symbol: crfl2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A variable shrub or small tree, to 20 ft., with a broad, open crown of stout, spiny branches. Clusters of white flowers are followed by orange, brown or yellow fruit in drooping clusters.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , FL , GA , MD , MS , NC , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: VA & TN, s. to FL & MS
Native Habitat: Dry, sandy or rocky woodlands

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, sandy or rocky soils.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Stratified seed will germinate.
Seed Treatment: 6-8 weeks of moist chilling improves germination.
Commercially Avail: yes

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus flava in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus flava in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus flava


Record Modified: 2023-05-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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