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Collinsia verna Nutt.
Spring Blue Eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: cove2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A weak stem bearing whorls of 4-6 stalked, 2-lipped, blue and white flowers rising from axils of opposite, mostly stalkless leaves.
This plant is sometimes so abundant in woodlands as to form a blue carpet on the forest floor. The seeds of this delicate winter annual are shed in the summer and germinate in the fall, the seedlings persisting through the winter. The genus name honors Zaccheus Collins (1764-1831), a Philadelphia botanist. The species name is the Latin word for "spring" and describes the flowering time.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MI , MO , NY , OH , OK , PA , TN , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Ontario and New York south to Virginia, southwest to Tennessee and Oklahoma, and north to Kansas, Iowa, and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Damp open woods.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Collinsia verna in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Collinsia verna in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Collinsia verna
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff