Canna flaccida Salisb.
Bandanna Of The Everglades, Golden Canna
Cannaceae (Canna Family)
USDA Symbol: cafl11
The large, rounded to lance-shaped leaves of this 4 ft. perennial are 1-2 ft. long. (Upper leaves are smaller.) Three green sepals and three greenish-yellow petals are united at the base, forming a tube. The showy part of the flower consists of modified stamens which resemble iris-like petals. The style is also petal-like.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Leaf: Apple green.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC , TX
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from SC to MS
Native Habitat: Wet ditches; freshwater marshes; swamp margins
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist to wet soils from heavy clay to sandy loam. Not particular.
Conditions Comments: This easy to grow plant produces showy yellow flowers with very faint speckles and is a great addition to the water garden or edge of the bog and is useful to help stop soil erosion. This plant will also grow in moist, average garden soil. Skipper caterpillars will use this plant as a host plant. The plant is cold-sensitive and will freeze back to the roots during a frost or freeze.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: seeds, division of clump, offshoots from base clump
Seed Collection: Wait until the seed pods are near the mature dry stage and then collect the pods.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Remove spent stalks to keep tidy and encourage new blooms. Cut back after first frost or leave the debris to protect the dormant roots over winter in northerm areas of its range.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 334 - Use of aquatic and terrestrial plants for removing phosphorus from dairy wastewaters (1995) T. A. DeBusk, J. E. Peterson and K. R. Reddy
Reslit 661 - Response of selected nontarget native Florida wetland plant species to metsulfuron methyl (2008) J. T. Hutchinson and K. A. Langeland
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Canna flaccida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Canna flaccida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Canna flaccida
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-02
Research By: TWC Staff