Zostera marina L.
Zosteraceae (Eel-Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Zostera marina var. latifolia, Zostera marina var. stenophylla, Zostera pacifica
USDA Symbol: ZOMA
This grasslike marine herb is a seed plant, its leaves stream with the current.
Neither a seaweed nor an algae, Eelgrass is a true seed plant that has evolved an ability to live in saline waters. Currents distribute both pollen and the small fruit; propagation also occurs by means of rhizomes underneath the mud or sand. Unlike marine algae, it offers no resistance to attaching organisms, so the outer half of each blade usually is coated with a wide variety of very small marine plants and animals. Eelgrass beds are havens for scallops, crabs, and many fishes.
From the Image Gallery
No images of this plant
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AK , AL , CA , CT , DE , FL , MA , MD , ME , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OR , RI , VA , WA
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Greenland to Florida.
Native Habitat: Shallow bays and coves, tidal creeks, estuaries.
Growing ConditionsAquatic: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Zostera marina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zostera marina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zostera marina
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff