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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Zizania texana (Texas wildrice)
Schwartzman, Steven

Zizania texana

Zizania texana Hitchc.

Texas Wildrice, Texas Wild Rice

Poaceae (Grass Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Stems usually up to about 6 feet long, with the lower stem bending with water currents. Stems may be up to about 15 feet long.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May



Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Aquatic: yes


Propagation Material: Seeds

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Threatened & Endangered Status

USFWS Species Profile: Q24A
Status: Endangered
Historic Range: U.S.A. (TX)
Critical Habitat: 17.96(a)
Special Rules: N/A
This information is derived from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Serrvice Environmental Conservation Online System.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 28 - NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life (2018) NatureServe

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zizania texana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zizania texana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizania texana


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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