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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Zizania palustris var. palustris

Zizania palustris L. var. palustris

Northern Wildrice

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Synonym(s): Zizania aquatica ssp. angustifolia, Zizania aquatica var. angustifolia


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Often partially immersed, up to about 6 feet tall above the water surface.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CO , CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NY , OR , PA , SD , VT , WA , WI , WV
Canada: BC , MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zizania palustris var. palustris in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zizania palustris var. palustris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizania palustris var. palustris


Record Modified: 2023-01-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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