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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Zizania aquatica var. aquatica

Zizania aquatica L. var. aquatica

Annual Wildrice, Indian Wild Rice

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Synonym(s): Zizania aquatica var. subbrevis


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Stems up to about 15 feet tall, often much shorter. Usually emergent.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Flowers inconspicuous. Bloom color refers to spikelets. Bloom time refers to fruiting period.


USA: AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA , VT , WI
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , ON , QC

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zizania aquatica var. aquatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizania aquatica var. aquatica


Record Modified: 2023-06-12
Research By: TWC Staff

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