Viola sempervirens Greene
Violaceae (Violet Family)
Synonym(s): Viola sarmentosa
USDA Symbol: VISE3
A low, trailing, almost evergreen violet, rooting along the extending stems. Leaves are small, almost round, and deep, dull green. Bright yellow flowers rise 1-2 in. above the leaves. Stems creep across ground, producing mats of thick, leathery, broadly heart-shaped leaves, and bilaterally symmetrical clear yellow flowers that face outward, hanging on short stalks barely as tall as the leaves.
One of the most common wildflowers within the dim redwood forest, lining many of the trails in the parks of the region. The mats of leaves persist throughout the winter, giving one common name and making this a choice plant for the woodland garden.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , ID , OR , WA
Native Distribution: W. slope of the Cascade to the Pacific coast from B.C. to Monterey Co., CA
Native Habitat: Moist woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Flowering peaks in spring is continues almost year-round near the coast. May self-seed.
PropagationDescription: Increase with pieces of rooted stem or from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Research LiteratureReslit 2849 - A Fascicle of Violets (1899) Edward L. Greene
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Viola sempervirens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola sempervirens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola sempervirens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff