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Viola pedatifida (Prairie violet)
Anderson, Beth

Viola pedatifida

Viola pedatifida G. Don

Prairie Violet, Purple Prairie Violet, Larkspur Violet, Crow-foot Violet, Coastal Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola palmata var. pedatifida

USDA Symbol: VIPE2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A 4-12 in. violet with deeply lobed leaves and pale purple flowers. Bilaterally symmetrical, blue-violet flowers facing outward and hanging atop leafless stalks barely taller than tufted leaves.

The deep blue-violet flowers and divided leaves resemble those of larkspurs (Delphinium), hence the common name.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AR , AZ , CO , IA , IL , IN , KS , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , OH , OK , SD , WI , WY
Canada: MB
Native Distribution: PA to Alt., s. to AR, OK, NM & AZ
Native Habitat: Prairies; dry openings

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to dry soils.


Description: Stratified seed planted in fall
Seed Treatment: Cold, moist stratification for 2 months
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola pedatifida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola pedatifida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola pedatifida


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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