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Viola cucullata (Marsh blue violet)
Muller, Thomas L.

Viola cucullata

Viola cucullata Aiton

Marsh Blue Violet, Blue Marsh Violet, Thin Leaf Wood Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola cucullata var. microtitis, Viola obliqua


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

Viola cucullata is similar to Viola sororia but grows in very wet habitats and has dark blue-centered flowers borne well above the leaves.


From the Image Gallery

35 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 8 inches tall.
Fruit: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , PE
Native Habitat: Wet Meadow/Prairie/Field,Fresh Water Aquatic

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Clay, Loam, Sand


Attracts: Birds

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola cucullata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola cucullata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola cucullata


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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