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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Viola ×conjugens

Viola ×conjugens Greene (pro sp.)

Maryland Violet, Northern Bog Hybrid Violet

Violaceae (Violet family)

Synonym(s): Viola aberrans, Viola ×fernaldii, Viola ×greenei, Viola ×lavandulacea, Viola ×parca

USDA Symbol: VICO11

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

"Plants tufted, often densely so, the long petioles and peduncles erect, the latter commonly 8 or 10 inches high and well exceeding the leaves ; herbage slightly succulent, deep-green, appearing glabrous, but the upper face of the leaves sparsely short-pubescent along the veins and veinlets: blade of leaf comparatively small, the lowest less than an inch long and broadly cordate-ovate, plane, the later ones l½ inches long and from cordate to cordate- subsagittate and somewhat cucullate, all with broad sinus and the earlier somewhat decurrent on the petiole: corollas large, blue, more than an inch in diameter, the lamina of the petals broadly and obtusely obovate, the claw and the base of the blade white and densely white-hairy, the hairs flattened: sepals lanceolate, acutish, wholly glabrous: apetalous flowers not seen, but doubtless aerial." (Reslit: 2849). Leaf margins crenate.

Hybrid progeny of Viola sagittata and V. sororia.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Notes: Flowers blue, claws and laminae white proximally. (Reslit: 2849). "... flowers pale lilac to lavender blue, the petals whitened and much narrowed basally, all or all but the two upper ones sharply dark-lineate… " (Reslit: 2879).

Distribution

USA: CT , GA , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MN , MO , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , VT , WI
Canada: NL , PE , QC
Native Distribution: The Northeast and Midwest in the US and Eastern Canada.
Native Habitat: "It inhabits grassy uplands along the borders of forests looking northward," (Reslit: 2849). "… in damp meadows… " (Reslit: 2879).

Web Reference

Webref 6 - Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database] (2018) USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Webref 27 - USDA Plants Database (2018) USDA, NRCS.

Research Literature

Reslit 2849 - A Fascicle of Violets (1899) Edward L. Greene

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola ×conjugens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola ×conjugens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola ×conjugens

Metadata

Record Modified: 2020-12-07
Research By: JAM

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