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Viola ×conjugens

Viola ×conjugens Greene (pro sp.)

Maryland Violet, Northern Bog Hybrid Violet

Violaceae (Violet family)

Synonym(s): Viola aberrans, Viola ×fernaldii, Viola ×greenei, Viola ×lavandulacea, Viola ×parca

USDA Symbol: VICO11

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

"Plants tufted, often densely so, the long petioles and peduncles erect, the latter commonly 8 or 10 inches high and well exceeding the leaves ; herbage slightly succulent, deep-green, appearing glabrous, but the upper face of the leaves sparsely short-pubescent along the veins and veinlets: blade of leaf comparatively small, the lowest less than an inch long and broadly cordate-ovate, plane, the later ones l½ inches long and from cordate to cordate- subsagittate and somewhat cucullate, all with broad sinus and the earlier somewhat decurrent on the petiole: corollas large, blue, more than an inch in diameter, the lamina of the petals broadly and obtusely obovate, the claw and the base of the blade white and densely white-hairy, the hairs flattened: sepals lanceolate, acutish, wholly glabrous: apetalous flowers not seen, but doubtless aerial." (Reslit: 2849). Leaf margins crenate.

Hybrid progeny of Viola sagittata and V. sororia.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers blue, claws and laminae white proximally. (Reslit: 2849). "... flowers pale lilac to lavender blue, the petals whitened and much narrowed basally, all or all but the two upper ones sharply dark-lineate… " (Reslit: 2879).


USA: CT , GA , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MN , MO , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , VT , WI
Canada: NL , PE , QC
Native Distribution: The Northeast and Midwest in the US and Eastern Canada.
Native Habitat: "It inhabits grassy uplands along the borders of forests looking northward," (Reslit: 2849). "… in damp meadows… " (Reslit: 2879).

Web Reference

Webref 6 - Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database] (2018) USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Webref 27 - USDA Plants Database (2018) USDA, NRCS.

Research Literature

Reslit 2849 - A Fascicle of Violets (1899) Edward L. Greene

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola ×conjugens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola ×conjugens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola ×conjugens


Record Modified: 2020-12-07
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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