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Verbena macdougalii (Macdougal verbena)
Anderson, Wynn

Verbena macdougalii

Verbena macdougalii A. Heller

Macdougal Verbena, Hillside Verbena

Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Harshly hairy plant with 4-sided stems, and thick, dense, long, erect spikes each with a ring of small, lavender to blue-violet bilaterally symmetrical flowers at one level. This species resembles members of the mint family, but lacks the aromatic odor. There are several species of tall Verbena, with thick or slender spikes of flowers, that are usually not easy to distinguish from one another. New Mexico Vervain has relatively thick spikes; it is common in the southern Rocky Mountain region.

This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.


From the Image Gallery

6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AZ , CO , NM , TX , UT , WY
Native Distribution: Southern Wyoming to Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas.
Native Habitat: Valleys and open flats at moderate or high elevations.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Verbena macdougalii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbena macdougalii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbena macdougalii


Record Modified: 2023-05-25
Research By: TWC Staff

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