Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb.
Threebirds, Three-birds Orchid
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
Synonym(s): Triphora trianthophora var. schaffneri
USDA Symbol: TRTR3
As the common names imply, each flower resembles a small bird in flight. The plant may remain dormant for long periods, with the underground tuber giving rise to a new stem after several years; when the flowers bloom, they last only one day. Five species of this genus are known in the United States; the four others grow in Florida. Of these, the most common is Ricketts Three-birds Orchid (T. rickettii), with leaves spreading away from the stem, both leaf surfaces green, and 1-8 erect flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Ontario; Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Nebraska, Iowa, and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Rich woods, swamp edges, and floodplains.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Organic, Humus Enriched
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Triphora trianthophora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Triphora trianthophora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Triphora trianthophora
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-08-20
Research By: TWC Staff